Hugo de VRIES (1848-1935).
Die Mutationstheorie. Versuche und Beobachtungen über die Entstehung von Arten im Pflanzenreich. [The Mutation Theory. Experiments and observations on the origin of species in the plant kingdom.]
Leipzig: verlag Von Veit & Comp, 1901-1903. 2 volumes, large octavo (9 ¾ x 6 5/8 inches; 245 x 170mm). 12 chromolithographed plates, uncoloured illustrations.
Recent black leather-backed marbled paper-covered boards, spine gilt with black onlaid lettering piece, original upper and lower wrappers bound in at the beginning and end of each volume. (Some strengthening to the edges of the original wrappers [see images]).
Provenance: Dr Carl Johan Fredrik Skottsberg PRS, FRS, HFRSE, FLS (1880 - 1963, (Uppsala, signature and date '1904' in vol.I, ink stamp 'C. Skottsberg / Uppsala' in vol.II).
An important association copy: from the library of Dr. Skottsberg. botanist and Antarctic explorer from the 'golden age'. This is a fine example of the first edition in book form of a work which both confirms Gregor Mendel's work on mutations, and marks the beginning of modern genetics.
"In 1886 Dutch botanist and geneticist Hugo de Vries began studying and experimenting with Oenothera lamarckiana, a species of evening primrose, after discovering a number of variants of this species growing wild in a meadow. Taking seeds from these, and growing them in his experimental gardens, he found that over the years several new forms appeared, most of which bred true. De Vries called these new forms "mutations" and formulated a series of theses - the Laws of Mutation - in which he postulated that new elementary species arose through a process of discrete steps ("mutations" or "saltations"), and usually remained constant from their moment of origin. The results of his more than ten years of experimentation and study he published in [the present work]..., in which he described in detail his work on the segregation laws, on phenomena of variation, and on plant mutations as the basis of evolution." (Jeremy Norman’s History of Information.com).
“From 1901 to 1903 Skottsberg served as official botanist to the Swedish Antarctic Expedition of 1901 to 1903 on the ship Antarctic. On his return to Sweden, Skottsberg published (1905) the first comprehensive phytogeographic study of the flora of southern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego. Later he led the Swedish Magellanic Expedition to Patagonia. … He was conservator at the Uppsala University Botanical Museum 1909 to 1914, but led the work on the new Botanical Garden in Gothenburg from 1915, and was appointed professor and director of the garden there, Goteburg Botanical Gardens in 1919.
Skottsberg was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of London;and several other Swedish learned societies, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1950. That same year he presided the 7th International Botanical Congress. He was awarded the Linnaean Society of London’s Darwin-Wallace Medal in 1958 and the Linnaean Medal in 1959.”(Wikipedia).
Garrison & Morton 240; Grolier/Horblit 73b; Norman 2169.
- Binding Condition: Excellent
- Overall Condition: Excellent
- Size: 9 ¾ x 6 5/8ins; 245 x 170mm